The CLOCS Standard for construction logistics: ‘Managing work related road risk’ was developed by Transport for London (TfL) in response to research which showed that construction vehicles were responsible for a disproportionately high number (35%) of cyclist and pedestrian fatalities involving HGVs in London.
The CLOCS Standard calls for the construction industry to recognise its responsibilities for vehicles and drivers delivering to and collecting from construction sites, and provides a clear framework to ensure everyone knows their roles and responsibilities in eliminating construction WRRR. The Standard sets out actions by clients and contractors and requires fleet operators to comply with the Fleet Operator Recognition Scheme (FORS) or equivalent.
CLOCS is managed by a partnership involving SECBE Ltd, Construction Clients Leadership Group, LHC, Build UK and the Considerate Constructors Scheme. The role of the partnership is to embed, monitor, promote and expand the CLOCS Standard across the UK.
Considerate Constructors Scheme Chief Executive Edward Hardy commented:
With the protection of vulnerable road users being part of the Scheme’s monitoring Checklist for a number of years, the Scheme recognises CLOCS as an important standard for the industry. We welcome the opportunity to work in partnership to develop and expand CLOCS throughout the UK, helping to raise safety standards for every road user and pedestrian affected by construction vehicles. The Scheme is also delighted to have developed and launched a robust CLOCS monitoring proposition to assist contractors and clients in meeting the requirements of the Standard, capture best practice to be shared and identify areas for further development.
You can find out more about the ‘Construction client requirements’ section of the CLOCS Standard by expanding the boxes below.
To comply with the CLOCS Standard, there is a need for a detailed and comprehensive Construction Logistics Plan (CLP) to be in place.
A Construction Logistics Plan in place and fully complied with. This should be approached in partnership with fleet operators, who may have valuable views on how to achieve safety goals.
To reduce the negative transport effects of construction work on local communities and the environment, by providing a tool to minimise construction trips and reduce the potential for collisions.
An approved Construction Logistics Plan should be produced, which includes measures to minimise vehicle trips and reduce the opportunities for collisions with vulnerable road users.
This plan should consider all vulnerable road users and risks specific to each site – for example a nearby school or a busy main road.
All contractors, suppliers and drivers should be made aware of and understand their obligations under the Construction Logistics Plan.
A Construction Logistics Plan may be produced in its own right, or as part of fulfilling the requirement within this standard.
To meet the CLOCS Standard, regular checks should be made to ensure that the site is suitable for vehicles fitted with safety features and side under-run protection.
Ensure that the condition of your site(s) is suitable for vehicles fitted with safety features and side under-run protection.
To ensure the site is suitable for all vehicle types fitted with safety features.
Regular reviews should be carried out of the topography of the site and where necessary diversions implemented as the site landscape changes.
The ground should be graded for each phase of the construction process.
Plans should also be in place to divert vehicles if necessary.
Access to and egress from the site should be appropriately managed and understood, with all potential hazards eliminated.
Ensure that access to and egress from the site is appropriately managed, clearly marked and clear of potential obstacles.
Access and egress should be clearly marked, signposted and free of potential hazards to reduce the risks associated with vehicles turning and reversing around the site.
Ensure that effective traffic management principles are adhered to.
A trained traffic marshall or banksman should be available to assist with vehicle manoeuvring, particularly where visibility is restricted.
Where appropriate, consider the use of additional equipment such as one-way systems, traffic lights or blind-spot safety (e.g. Trixi) mirrors to aid the driver’s view of the road.
The aim of this CLOCS Standard requirement is to reduce the risk of injury, by segregating vehicle loading and unloading activity from the public.
All vehicles should be loaded and unloaded in the location outlined in the Construction Logistics Plan – which should always be on-site where possible.
To reduce risk of injury by segregating loading and unloading activity from the public.
A stable, graded surface on-site should be provided for vehicle loading and unloading activity.
Ensure an appropriate person is nominated to manage all deliveries and collections to site and supervise the loading and unloading process.
Identify a suitable ‘off-loading area’ and ensure that approved loading and unloading plans are in place where it is not possible to unload on site.
As part of the Construction Logistics Plan, a suitable risk-assessed vehicle route should be specified.
A suitable, risk-assessed vehicle route to the site is specified and communicated to all contractors and drivers.
Contractors and any other service suppliers should be made aware that they are to use these routes at all times (unless unavoidable diversions occur).
Having this route in place will ensure that construction traffic uses the safest and most appropriate routes available.
Ensure that options to reduce peak hour deliveries to a site, including coordinating with neighbouring sites, have been considered and where identified, arrangements to minimise peak hour deliveries have been implemented.
Delivery timings should also be considered, with reduced numbers of peak-hour deliveries to site and arrangements made to reduce the disruption to the local community.
Communication should be demonstrated by distributing maps and any other vehicle routing information to all companies and drivers accessing the site.
In turn, checks will need to be carried out to ensure that drivers have followed the correct traffic route and a record of any route deviations should be maintained.
The circumstances (if any) under which drivers may deviate from a specified route such as a temporary road closure, or road traffic accidents should be clearly specified.
Where appropriate, you may consider the use of additional equipment such as blind-spot safety (e.g. Trixi) mirrors or LED indicator trailer lights at high risk junctions in the vicinity of the site.
The Construction Logistics Plan should consider how to reduce, control and manage deliveries or vehicle access, especially at busy times to minimise disruption to the local community.
This will help to reduce the risk of congestion and collisions within the site vicinity.
Consider other options to plan and control vehicles and reduce peak hour deliveries.
To reduce the risk of congestion and collisions in the vicinity of the site, as well as minimising site deliveries, collections and servicing access during peak hours.
As part of the Construction Logistics Plan, options should have been considered and acted upon to reduce the number of trips to site during peak hours.
This may include use of web / paper based delivery booking systems, consolidation centres, vehicle holding areas, deliveries during off-peak times or the use of alternative modes of transport.
Where these restrictions have been imposed, the site will also need to monitor if delivery times and methods are being adhered too.
If a vehicle booking system is in place, checks should be made as to whether the correct vehicle arrived at the scheduled time.
Care must be taken to ensure that undue pressure is not placed on drivers to meet specified time slots through contractual, economic or management pressure when using a delivery booking system, so as to ensure that good driving standards are maintained.
As part of the CLOCS Standard, the supply chain must comply with the requirements set out in the Construction Logistics Plan.
Contractor and sub-contractor compliance with requirements.
To ensure that CLOCS Standard requirements are being understood and adhered to across the supply chain.
Ensure that it is a contractual requirement to check vehicles entering site and to take the appropriate action under the contract. Presentation of a CLOCS certificate does not necessarily mean an operator is compliant, only that they have committed to adhere to the CLOCS Standard. Request to see a plan and / or process for complying with the contract.
Compliance should be monitored via a combination of desktop and site based checks, for example, vehicle checks in place and data being captured to record any instances of non-compliance.
Checks of the operational, vehicle and driver compliance should be recorded by gate staff, so that non-compliance can be easily identified.
An audit process should be in place to ensure that compliance is being met and appropriate training is in place for site staff.
This could include random vehicle checks and monitoring of periodic site check reports.
Desktop checks could include suppliers providing evidence such as their FORS certificate which can be checked against the FORS database.
Factor in a review of collision reports.
Provide a point of contact for queries to be directed to the relevant person or department.